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Verb - A verb is a word that tells us what a person, animal or thing is doing. Verbs show action, so they are also called action words. Some verbs does not show action and indicates existence or state of being like appear, seem etc. Every sentence must have a verb.
Kriya – Kriya vaha shabd hai jo yaha batata hai ki karta (vyakti, vastu ya janvwar) kya kar raha hai. – Jaisay - Kapil kela kha raha hai (khana kriya hai jo batata hai ki kapil kya kar raha hai). Hindi main verb kay ant main ‘na’ aata hai Jaisay likhna, padhna, kudna ityaadi. Kuchh kriya shabdo main action nahi hota apitu kisi 'sthiti' ya 'hona' aadi kay baray main batatay hai – Jaisay mahsoos hona, astitve hona aadi.
Example: write, speak, read, fight, learn, come, go, seem, feel, etc.
A verb which requires an object in sentence to convey complete meaning is a Transitive Verb. In the absence of object, subject does not convey complete meaning.
Vaha kriya jisay vakya main puray arth ko vyakt karnay kay liye object ki jaroorat hoti hai, Transitive verb kehlati hai.
Kanika wrote "______".
A verb which does not require an object in sentence is an Intransitive verb. Intransitive verb can give complete meaning without an object in sentence for it.
Vaha kriya jisay vakya main puray arth ko vyakt karnay kay liye object ki jaroorat nahi padti, Intransitive verb kehlati hai.
Example: (1) Kanika is not weeping. (2) She is laughing. (3) It has rained. (4) The Sun shines. (5) Birds chirp in the morning. (6) It is burning.
Main Verbs –
Main verb has major meaning in the sentence i.e. sleep, make, buy, finish, complete etc.
Mukhya Kriya - Vakya ka mukhya arth main verb batata hai – Jaisay – rona, banana, kharidna, pura karna, ityaadi.
Helping Verbs –
It support the main verb to form the structure of sentence as per specific tense i.e. is, am, are, was, were, has, have, had, will, shall etc. Helping verb indicates the tense of the sentence.
Sahayak Kriya – Yaha vakya kee mukhya kriya ko nishchit samay kaal ke anusaar vakya bananay main sahayak hoti hai.
Form of Verbs.
Verb has three forms - (1) Base form - Ist Form (2) Past Simple - 2nd Form (3) Past participle - 3rd Form
Verb ki teen form hoti hai. Jaisay verb todna ki teen form is prakar hai - (1) Ist form – Todta hai (2) 2nd Form – Toda (3) 3rd Form – Toda tha.
Please see the list – Form of Verbs In this list, meaning in Hindi is not given. Our objective is to use minimum support of Hindi to understand English language. Please make an habit of referring online Dictionary to look the meaning of each word , which Is not known to you. Always refer English to English dictionary which explains meaning in simple English. Also make it a point to listen the pronunciation of the word and repeat with a voice to learn it correctly.
Regular Verbs - Irregular Verbs
On the basis of forming base form of verb to past simple (2nd form) and past participle (3rd form), verb is divided into two type – Regular Verbs and Irregular Verbs.
Regular Verbs :
The Verbs which form their past simple and past participle by adding “-ed" to their base form are called regular verbs, for example work – worked - worked, allow – allowed - allowed, play – played – played.
Verb ko second form aur third form main parivartit karnay kay adhaar par verb ko do bhago main bata jata hai - Regular Verb aur Irregular Verb.
Modal verbs are used to express ability, possibility, intention or necessity. It can be used as helping verb with main verb
Rupatmak kriya - Sambhavana, itchha, samarthyata, jaroorat aadi ko vyakt karnay main istemaal hoti hai. Yaha mukhya verb kay saath sahayak verb kay taur par istemaal ho sakti hai.
Main pahad par chad sakta hoon.
He may come at any time.
Vaha kisi bhi samay aa sakta hai.
You must complete your homework by evening.
Tumhay shaam tak apna homework avashya pura karna hai.
You ought to look after your parents.
Tumhay apnay mata-pita ka avashya dhyan rakhna chahiye.
You should not weep.
Tumhay rona nahi chahiye.
We shall learn in detail about Modals in upcoming Schedules.