Helping Verbs - Sahayak Kriya
Is, am, are, was, were, has, have, had, will, shall
There is a verb ‘to be’ which is used as – is, am, are, was, were. It can be used both as main verbs and as helping or auxiliary verbs. It’s simple meaning is ‘to be’ or be something. e.g. He is a boy. She is a girl.
Another helping verbs ‘Has, Have, Had’ can also be used both as main verb and as helping verb. Here we are learning its simple use which denotes possession.
Ek verb ‘to be -hona’ hai jo vakya main ‘hai/hoon’ kay sthan par prayog hota hai. Yah mukhya aur sahayak kriya (helping verb) dono roop main istemaal kiye ja saktay hain.. Iska sadharan arth kisi vastu/vyakti/sthan ‘ka hona’ hai. Jaisay – Vaha ladka hai. Vaha ladki hai.
Doosray sahayak kriya shabd ‘Has, Have, Had’ bhi mukhya verb aur sahayak verb ki tarah istemaal kiye ja saktay hai. Abhi hum iskey simple prayog ko seekhengay jiska arth ’kabjay main hona’ ya ‘paas hona’ hai.
Use of Helping Verbs
We give below a table to understand the use of helping verbs as per tense and persons
| Person || Subject || Helping Verb of Present Tense || Helping Verb of Past Tense || Helping Verb of Future Tense |
| Ist person || I || am, have || was, had || will/shall |
| 2nd Person || You || are, have || were, had || will |
| 3rd Person-Singular || He/She/It/Ram || is, has || was, had || will |
| 3rd Person-Plural || We/They/boys || are, have || were, had || will |
Sentence Forming and Rules
Subject, Verb and Object plays a major roll in forming any sentence. In small sentences 'Object' is missing (He plays.). in some sentences 'Subject' remains silent (Go to school.) and in one-word
sentences, only 'Verb' remains in the sentence (Stop., Sit-down.).
Sequence of positive sentence = Subject + Helping Verb + Main Verb (if need be) + Object.
In negative sentence 'Not' is added after Helping Verb and before Main Verb(if any) or Object. In Interrogative sentence, only position of 'Helping Verb' is changed and placed in the beginning.
In interrogative and negative sentences, 'Not' is added after Subject and before Main Verb (if any) or Object. The Rule of making sentences of Helping Verb is given below:
English vakya main subject, verb aur object ki mukhya bhumika hoti hai. Chhotay vakyo main 'Object' nahi hota (vaha khelta hai), kuchh vakyo main 'Subject' chhipa hota hai (school jao) aur
ek-shabd valay vakyo main kewal 'Verb' hota hai (Ruko, Baith Jao).
Normal vakyo ka kram = Subject + Helping Verb + Main Verb (yadi jaroorat hai) + Object.
Vakya ko negative bananay kay liye 'Helping Verb' kay baad aur Main Verb ya Object sey pehlay 'Not' lagatay hai. Prashanvachak vakyo main, kewal Helping
Verb kee position ko badal kar vakya kay shuru main lagatay hai. Prashnavachak aur negative vakayo main 'Subject' kay baad aur Main Verb ya Object sey pehlay 'Not' lagatay hai. Helping Verb kay
vakyo ko bananay ka Rule nichay diya hai.
| Rule - Helping Verbs - is/am/are/was/were/has/have/had/will/shall
| Type of Sentence || Rule |
| Positive || Subject + Helping Verb + object (.) |
| Negative || Subject + Helping Verb + not + object (.) |
| Interrogative || Helping Verb + Subject + object (?) |
| Interrogative-Negative || Helping Verb + Subject + Not + object (?) |
| I am your friend || Main tumhara dost hoon. |
| I am not your friend || Main tumhara dost nahi hoon. |
| Am I your friend? || Kya main tumhara dost hoon? |
| She is ill. || Vaha beemar hai. |
| She is not ill. || Vaha beemar nahi hai. |
| Is she ill? || Kya vaha beemar hai? |
| They are hungry. || Vey bhukhey hai. |
| They are not hungry || Vey bhukhey nahi hai. |
| Are they not hungry? || Kya Vey bhukhey nahi hai? |
| He was our tenant. || Vaha hamara kirayedaar tha. |
| He was not our tenant || Vaha hamara kirayedaar nahi tha. |
| Was he our tenant? || Kya vaha hamara kirayedaar nahi tha? |
| I was honest. || Main imandaar tha. |
| I was not honest. || Main imandaar nahi tha. |
| Was I honest? || Kya main imandaar tha? |
| Was I not an honest worker? || Kya main ek emandaar karamchari nahi tha? |
| I have full faith in you. || Mujhay aap par pura vishwas hai. |
| I have no umbrella. || Meray paas chhatri nahi hai. |
| Have you a hundred rupee note? || Kya aapkey pas sau rupyay ka note hai? |
| Renu had severe pain in her hand. || Renu kay haath main bahut dard tha. |
| Has she curly hair? || Kya us (stri) kay ghungralay baal hai? |
| We have no appetite today. || Aaaj hamay bhukh nahi hai |
| Have you a holiday tomorrow? || Kya tumhay kal chhutti hai? |
| Vartika has many toys. || Vartika kay paas bahut khiloney hai. |
| Had she no dealings with her husband? || Kya us (stri) ka apnay pati sey koi lena dena nahi tha? |
| I have true love with my wife. || Mujhay apni patni sey saccha pyar hai. |
| Lion has a strong paw. || Sher kay paas majboot panja hai. |
| Had she not a single penny? || Kya uskay paas ek bhi paisa nahi tha? |
English Learning Course