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Englishkitab >> Essential Grammar >> Active-Passive >> Passive-W-Family

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Active Passive
  1. General Rules of Passive Voice
  2. Passive Voice of Present Indefinite Tense
  3. Passive Voice of Present Continuous Tense
  4. Passive Voice of Present Perfect Tense
  5. Passive Voice of Past Indefinite Tense
  6. Passive Voice of Past Continuous Tense
  7. Passive Voice of Past Perfect Tense
  8. Passive Voice of Future Indefinite Tense
  9. Passive Voice of Future Perfect Tense
  10. Passive Voice of W-Family Words
  11. Passive Voice of Imperative Sentence
  12. Passive Voice of Sentences of Modals
  13. Passive Voice of Sentences of Infinitives
  14. Passive Voice of Miscellaneous Sentences

Passive Voice of W-Family Sentence

W-family words (Who, Whom, What, Which, When, Why, Where, etc) are used in all types of sentences and normally it comes in the beginning of both (Active & Passive Voice Sentences) and followed by Helping Verbs of the Tense in interrogative sentences. We have learnt changing normal Active Voice sentences to Passive Voice sentence of all types of Tenses. Basic rules will remain same for the sentences of W-family words.

W-Family के शब्द (Who, Whom, What, Which, When, Why, Where, आदी सभी प्रकार के वाक्यो में प्रयोग होते है और सामान्यतः यह वाक्य ( दोनो Active और Passive वाक्य के शुरू में लगते है और इसके बाद सहायक Kriyaa प्रश्नात्मक वाक्यो में प्रयुक्त होती है । हमने सभी प्रकार के Tense के नॉर्मल वाक्यो को Passive Voice में बदलना सीख लिया है । बेसिक रूल W-family वाले वाक्यो के लिये वही रहता है ।



Rules of changing Passive Voice of W-family sentence

W-family वाले शब्द और बाकि बचे वाक्य को अलग करो । Separate W-family word and the rest part of the sentence.
बाकि बचा हुआ वाक्य एक साधारण वाक्य है । वाक्य के इस भाग को उस वाक्य के Tense के नियमानुसार Passive Voice में बदलो । The rest part of the sentence remains a normal sentence. Change it to Passive Voice as per the Rule of Tense of the sentence.
W-family के शब्द को Passive Voice में बदले हुए वाक्य के भाग के आगे लगाओ । Add the W-family word in the beginning of the changed Passive Voice part Sentence.
सारे W-family के शब्द अपरिवर्तित रहते है केवल दो शब्दों को छोड़ कर (1) "WHO" जो "BY WHOM" से बदला जाता है (2) "WHOM" शब्द "WHO" से बदला जाता है । All the W-family words remain unchanged except two words - (1) "WHO" is replaced by words "BY WHOM" (2) "WHOM" is replaced by word "WHO" .



Let us take a look
Steps Sentence Forming
W-Familty sentence What are you writing?
Sentence after separateing 'W-family word' Are you writing?
Tense of the Sentence Present Continuous Tense
Rule of Passive Voice Convert Object to Subject + Is/Are/Am + Being + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
'W-family word' comes in the beginning . Here we will write 'XXX' in place of 'W-family word' and make Passive Voice as a normal sentence. 'XXX' is being written by you.
Now remove 'XXX' and write the 'W-family word' .Word "WHO" is replaced by "BY Whom" What is being written by you?
W-Familty sentence What did he tell?
Sentence after separateing 'W-family word' Did he tell?
Tense of the Sentence Past Indefinite Tense
Rule of Passive Voice Convert Object to Subject +Was/Were + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
'W-family word' comes in the beginning . Here we will write 'XXX' in place of 'W-family word' and make Passive Voice as a normal sentence. 'XXX' was told by him.
Now remove 'XXX' and write the 'W-family word' .Word "WHO" is replaced by "BY Whom" What was told by him?
Steps Sentence Forming
W-Familty sentence Which book do you want?
Sentence after separateing 'W-family word' _Book do you want?
Tense of the Sentence Present Indefinite Tense
Rule of Passive Voice Convert Object to Subject + Is/Are/Am + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
'W-family word' comes in the beginning . Here we will write 'XXX' in place of 'W-family word' and make Passive Voice as a normal sentence. 'XXX' book is wanted by you.
Now remove 'XXX' and write the 'W-family word' .Word "WHO" is replaced by "BY Whom" Which book is wanted by you?
W-Familty sentence When will he lodge an FIR?
Sentence after separateing 'W-family word' Will he lodge an FIR?
Tense of the Sentence Future Indefinite Tense
Rule of Passive Voice Convert Object to Subject + Will/Shall + Be + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
'W-family word' comes in the beginning . Here we will write 'XXX' in place of 'W-family word' and make Passive Voice as a normal sentence. 'XXX' FIR will be lodged by him.
Now remove 'XXX' and write the 'W-family word' .Word "WHO" is replaced by "BY Whom" When an FIR will be lodged by him?
W-Familty sentence Who has slapped my friend?
Sentence after separateing 'W-family word' Has slapped my friend?
Tense of the Sentence Present Perfect Tense
Rule of Passive Voice Convert Object to Subject + Has/Have + Been + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
'W-family word' comes in the beginning . Here we will write 'XXX' in place of 'W-family word' and make Passive Voice as a normal sentence. 'XXX' has my friend been slapped.
Now remove 'XXX' and write the 'W-family word' .Word "WHO" is replaced by "BY Whom" By whom has my friend been slapped?

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Examples

तुम कौन सी कार चलाते हो ? Which car do you drive? Which car is driven by you? कौन सी कार तुम से चलाई जाती है ?
कौन सी फिल्म तुम्हें सबसे ज्यादा पसंद आई ? Which film did you like most? Which film was liked most by you? कौन सी फिल्म तुम्हारे द्वारा सबसे ज्यादा पसंद कि गई ?
तुम कब अपना उधार चुकता करोगे ? When will you repay your debts? When your debts will be repaid by you? कब तुम्हारा उधार तुम्हारे द्वारा चुकता किया जायेगा ?
उसने कब तुम्हारे पत्र का जवाब दिया ? When did he reply to your letter? When your letter was replied by him? कब तुम्हारे पत्र का जवाब उसके द्वारा दिया गया ?
तुम अपनी मंगेतर से क्या चर्चा करोगे ? What will you discuss with your fiance? What will be discussed with your fiance by you? तुम्हारी मंगेतर से तुम्हारे द्वारा क्या चर्चा की जायेगी ?
क्या चीज उससे कॉन्ट्रक्ट तुड़वाँ रही है ? What is making him to break the contract? What is being made to break the contract by him? क्या चीज उसके द्वारा कॉन्ट्रक्ट तुड़वा रही है ?
इस अवस्था में तुम उसे क्या सुझाव दे रहे थे ? What were you suggesting him at this stage? What was being suggested by you to him? इस अवस्था में तुम्हारे द्वारा उसे क्या सुझाव दिया जा रहा था ?
पुलिस ने एफ.आई.आर. में क्या लिखा है ? What has the police recorded in FIR? What has been recorded in FIR by the police? पुलिस द्वारा एफ.आई.आर. में क्या लिखा गया है ?
क्यों उन्होने अपना सहारा वापस लिया ? Why did they withdraw their support? Why their support was withdrawn by them? क्यों उनका सहारा उनके द्वारा वापस लिया गया ?
चुने हुए नेता क्यों लोगो की उम्मीदों को पूरा नही करते हैं ? Why do elected leaders not fulfill the expectations of people? Why are the expectations of people not fulfilled by the elected leaders? क्यों लोगो की उम्मीदे चुने हुए नेताओं द्वारा पूरी नही की जाती है ?
क्यों तुमने अपने माता-पिता की आज्ञा नही मानी ? Why did you disobey your parents? Why your parents were disobeyed by you? क्यों तुम्हारे माता-पिता की आज्ञा तुम्हारे द्वारा नही मानी गई ?



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