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Englishkitab >> Essential Grammar >> Active-Passive >> Passive-Past-Indefinite
Active Passive
  1. General Rules of Passive Voice
  2. Passive Voice of Present Indefinite Tense
  3. Passive Voice of Present Continuous Tense
  4. Passive Voice of Present Perfect Tense
  5. Passive Voice of Past Indefinite Tense
  6. Passive Voice of Past Continuous Tense
  7. Passive Voice of Past Perfect Tense
  8. Passive Voice of Future Indefinite Tense
  9. Passive Voice of Future Perfect Tense
  10. Passive Voice of W-Family Words
  11. Passive Voice of Imperative Sentence
  12. Passive Voice of Sentences of Modals
  13. Passive Voice of Sentences of Infinitives
  14. Passive Voice of Miscellaneous Sentences



Passive Voice of Past Indefinite Tense

Rules of Active and Passive voice (mentioned below) shows that helping verb 'Was/Were' is used with 3rd form of verb for making Passive Voice of Past Indefinite Tense.

In Active Voice of Past Indefinite Negative and Interrogative sentences, use of Did is used but for making Passive Voice only helping verbs - 'Was/Were' are used. Helping Verb in Passive Voice is used as per the Subject of the Passive Voice (Object of Active voice which becomes Subject of Passive Voice). If the Subject of Passive Voice is plural, Helping Verb of plurals will be used irrespective of the fact that in Active Voice, the subject was Singular.

In case of Negative sentence, 'Not' is added after helping verbs and in case of Interrogative sentence helping verb comes in the starting of the sentence.

In all types of sentences - Positive, Negative & Interrogative, 3rd form of verb is used in Passive Voice.

Active and Passive Voice के नियम (नीचे दिये गये है) दिखाते है की Past Indefinite Tense को Passive Voice में बदलने के लिये 'Was/Were' और verb की 3rd form का प्रयोग होता है ।

Past Indefinite Active Voice के Negative और Interrogative वाक्यों में Did का प्रयोग होता है परंतु Passive Voice बनाने के लिये केवल helping verb 'Was/Were' का प्रयोग होता है । Passive Voice में Helping Verb Passive Voice के Subject (Active Voice का Object जो Passive Voice में Subject बनता है) के अनुसार इस्तेमाल होती है । अगर Passive Voice का Subject plural है तो Helping Verb भी plural subject के अनुसार होगी चाहे Active Voice में Subject singular हो । 

Negative sentence में 'Not' को helping verb के बाद लगाते है और Interrogative sentence में helping verb वाक्य के आरंभ म़ें लगाते है । 

सभी प्रकार के Passive Voice वाक्यों - Positive, Negative & Interrogative में verb की 3rd form का प्रयोग होता है



Rules

Type of Sentence Rule of making Past Indefinite Tense (Active Voice) Rule of converting Past Indefinite Tense (Active Voice) to Passive Voice
Positive Subject + Verb (2nd form) + Object + (.) Convert Object to Subject +Was/Were + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
Negative Subject + Did + Not + Verb (Ist form) + Object + (.) Convert Object to Subject +Was/Were + Not + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
Interrogative Did + Subject + Verb (Ist form) + Object + (?) Was/Were + Convert Object to Subject + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (?)

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Examples

Active Voice Active Voice Passive Voice Passive Voice
उसने साँप को मारा । She killed a snake. A snake was killed by her. साँप उसके द्वारा मारा गया ।
विद्यार्थिओं ने अपना होमवर्क पूरा नही किया । The students did not complete their homework. Their homework was not completed by the students. अपना होमवर्क विद्यार्थिओ द्वारा पूरा नही किया गया ।
भारत ने भूतकाल म़ें गरीब देशों की मदद की । India helped poor countries in past. Poor countries were helped by India in past. गरीब देशों की मदद भारत द्वारा भूतकाल म़ें की गई ।
सचिन तेंदुलकर ने क्रिकेट से सन्यास लेना चुना । Sachin Tendulkar opted retirement from cricket. Retirement from cricket was opted by Sachin Tendulkar. क्रिकेट से सन्यास सचिन तेंदुलकर द्वारा चुना गया ।
क्या उसने सही निर्णय लिया ? Did he make a wise decision? Was a wise decision made by him? क्या सही निर्णय उसके द्वारा लिया गया?
उसने खेल को बहुत दिया । He gave so much to the game. The game was given so much by him. खेल को उसके द्वारा बहुत दिया गया ।


Active Voice Active Voice Passive Voice Passive Voice
उसने गरीब विध्यार्थी की स्कूल फीस जमा की । He deposited school fees of the poor student. School fees of the poor student were deposited by him. गरीब विध्यार्थी की स्कूल फीस उसके द्वारा जमा की गई ।
रमेश ने मेरी कार दिल्ली से जयपुर 2000 म़ें चलाई । Ramesh drove my car from Delhi to Jaipur in 2000. My car was driven by Ramesh from Delhi to Jaipur in 2000. मेरी कार 2000 म़ें दिल्ली से जयपुर रमेश द्वारा चलाई गई ।
किरीट आदित्य ने मुझे पूरी इज्जत दी । Kirit Aditya gave me full respect. I was given full respect by Kirit Aditya. मुझे पूरी इज्जत किरीट आदित्य द्वारा दी गई ।
किरीट ने हरिद्वार म़ें सारे सेमीनार अटेंड किये । Kirit attended all seminars in Haridwar. All seminars were attended by Kirit in Haridwar. सारे सेमीनार किरीट द्वारा हरिद्वार म़ें अटेंड किये गये ।
क्या उसने रोहित से अच्छी जॉब झपट ली ? Did he grab good job from Rohit? Was good job from Rohit grabbed by him? क्या अच्छी जॉब रोहित से उसके द्वारा झपट ली गई?


Perfect the knowledge of Active Passive Voice by viewing a Passive Voice Sentence in all Tenses with its Rule CLICK & VIEW A PASSIVE VOICE SENTENCE IN ANY TYPE OF TENSE



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