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Englishkitab >> Essential Grammar >> Active-Passive >> Passive-Miscellaneous
Active Passive
  1. General Rules of Passive Voice
  2. Passive Voice of Present Indefinite Tense
  3. Passive Voice of Present Continuous Tense
  4. Passive Voice of Present Perfect Tense
  5. Passive Voice of Past Indefinite Tense
  6. Passive Voice of Past Continuous Tense
  7. Passive Voice of Past Perfect Tense
  8. Passive Voice of Future Indefinite Tense
  9. Passive Voice of Future Perfect Tense
  10. Passive Voice of W-Family Words
  11. Passive Voice of Imperative Sentence
  12. Passive Voice of Sentences of Modals
  13. Passive Voice of Sentences of Infinitives
  14. Passive Voice of Miscellaneous Sentences

Passive Voice of Miscellaneous

We have covered almost all types of Passive Voice sentences. It is observed that Passive Voice sentence emphasize more on action and subject is normally not there. Where subject comes, it is written that the action is done by the subject. e.g. Room has been cleaned. When subject is added then it becomes - Room has been cleaned by her. Importance is on action.

Sometimes at the time of making passive voice of sentences which contains words -someone / somebody / one's etc, these words are removed e.g. Active voice : Someone has stolen our cycle. Passive voice : Our cycle has been stolen. When such Passive voice sentence is to be converted in Active voice sentence, such words are added again with the Active voice sentence.
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हमने लगभग सभी प्रकार के Passive voice वाक्यो को कवर कर लिया हैं यह देखा की passive voice वाक्यो में Action पर ज्यादा महत्व दिया जाता है और आमतौर पर सब्जेक्ट नही होता । जहाँ सब्जेक्ट आता है, वहां लिखा जाता है की Action सब्जेक्ट द्वारा किया गया जैसे - कमरा साफ किया गया । सब्जेक्ट के जोड़ने पर यह वाक्य बनता है - कमरा उसके द्वारा साफ किया गया है । महत्व Action पर है । 

कभी कभी Passive voice बनाते समय कुछ शब्द - someone / somebody / one's आदि को हटा दिया जाता हैं जैसे कि Active voice :किसी ने हमारी साइकल चुरा ली है । Passive voice : हमारी साइकल किसी के द्वारा चुरा ली गई है । ऐसे वाक्य जब Passive voice से Active voice में बदले जाता है, यह शब्द -someone / somebody / one's आदि पुनः जोड़ दिये जाते है ।

'By' is not used with these Verbs

In Passive Voice, 'By' is not used with these Verbs. Instead of 'By' appropriate Prepositions of the Verbs are used.

Verb Preposition Verb Preposition
Alarmed At Married With (a girl)
Amazed At Married To ( a boy)
Annoyed At Offended With (a person)
Contained In Offended At (Behaviour)
Displeased With (a person) Pleased With (a person)
Displeased At (Behaviour) Pleased At (Behaviour)
Distinguished With Satisfied With
Known To Shocked At
Lined With Surprised At

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Examples

Active Voice Active Voice Passive Voice Passive Voice
खबर ने उसे सावधान कर दिया । The news alarmed him. He was alarmed at the news. वह खबर द्वारा सावधान किया गया ।
वह मुझे जानती है । She knows me. I am known to her. मैं उसके द्वारा जाना जाता हूँ ।
इस बॉटल में इंक भरी है । This bottle contains ink. Ink is contained in this bottle. इंक इस बॉटल में भरी हुई है ।
उसकी सफलता सबको चकित कर रही है । His victory is surprising all. All are being surprised at his victory. सभी उसकी सफलता से चकित हो रहे है ।
उसकी अचानक मुलाकात ने हमे अचंभित कर दिया है । His sudden visit has amazed us. We have been amazed at his sudden visit. हम उसकी अचानक मुलाकात से अचंभित हो गये हैं ।
राधा ने कृष्ण को परेशान नही किया । Radha did not annoy with Krishan. Krishan was not annoyed with Radha. कृष्ण राधा द्वारा परेशान नही हए ।
उसके व्यवहार ने स्वाती को सदमा पहुंचाया । His behaviour shocked Swati. Swati was shocked at his behaviour. स्वाती को उसकी व्यवहार से सदमा पहुंचा था ।
मैने अपने परिवार को संतुष्ट किया । I satisfied my family. My family was satisfied with me. मेरा परिवार मेरे से संतुष्ट था ।
रमेश ने सुमन को नाराज किया, Ramesh offended Suman. Suman was offended with Ramesh. सुमन रमेश से नाराज हुई थी ।
मधुर ने भाविन से शादी की । Madhur married to Bhavin. Bhavin was married with Madhur. भाविन से मधुर की शादी की गई ।
उसके ट्रांसफ़र की खबर ने उसे अप्रसन्न कर दिया है । The news of his transfer has displeased her. She has been displeased at the news of his transfer. वह उसकी ट्रांसफ़र की खबर से अप्रसन्न हो गई है ।
नेहा ने स्वाती को खुश किया । Neha pleased Swati. Swati was pleased with Neha. स्वाती नेहा से खुश हो गई ।

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Examples of Miscellaneous Sentences

Active Voice Active Voice Passive Voice Passive Voice
बैठ जाओ । Sit down Be seated. बैठे रहो ।
महिलायें पसंद करती है की आदमी उनकी झूठी तारीफ करें । Women like men to flatter them. Women like to be flattered by men. महिलायें आदमियों द्वारा झूठी तारीफ करवाना पसंद करती है ।
अपना वादा पूरा करें । One should keep one's promise. Promise should be kept. वादा पूरा किया जाना चाहिये ।
यह समय है दुकान बंद करने का । It is time to close the shop. It is time for the shop to be closed. यह समय है दुकान बंद की जाये ।
किसी ने हमारी टेबल तोड़ी है । Someone has broken our table. Our table has been broken. हमारी टेबल तोड़ी गई है ।
किसी ने हमे बुरी तरह ठग लिया है । Somebody has deceived us badly. We have been deceived badly. हम बुरी तरह ठगे गये है ।
लोग भिखारियों पर हंसे । People laughed at beggars. Beggars were laughed at by people. भिखारीयों पर लोगो द्वारा हंसा गया था ।
मैने उससे गाना गंवाया । I made him sing a song. He was made to sing a song. उससे गाना गंवाया गया ।
लोग कहते है की वह ईमानदार मंत्री है । People say that he is an honest minister. It is said that he is an honest minister. यह कहा जाता है की वह ईमानदार मंत्री है ।
लोग कहते है की वह ईमानदार मंत्री है । People say that he is an honest minister. He is said to be an honest minister. वह ईमानदार मंत्री कहा जाता है ।
मेरी पत्नी ने मुझसे पूछा मैं कब उसे फोन करूंगा । My wife asked me when I would ring her. I was asked by me wife when I would ring her. मुझसे मेरी पत्नी द्वारा पूछा गया कब मैं उसे फोन करूंगा ।
वर्षा शुरू होने से पहले ही किसान खेतो में हल चला चुके थे । The farmers had ploughed the fields before the rains set in. The fields had been ploughed by the farmers before the rains set in. वर्षा शुरू होने से पहले ही किसानो द्वारा खेतो में हल चलाया जा चुका था ।
अंधेरा होने से पूर्व ही हम अपने निर्दिष्ट स्थान पहुंच चुके थे । We had reached our destination before it got dark. Our destination had been reached by us before it got dark. अंधेरा होने से पूर्व ही हमारे द्वारा निर्दिष्ट स्थान पहुंचा जा चुका था ।
ट्रेन आने से पूर्व ही मैं अखबार पढ़ चुका हूँगा । I shall have read the newspaper before the arrival of the train. The newspaper will have been read by me before the arrival of the train. ट्रेन आने से पूर्व ही अखबार मेरे द्वारा पढ़ा जा चुका होगा ।
बर्फ पड़ने से पूर्व वे रिपोर्ट बना चुके होंगे । They will have prepared reports before snowfall. Reports will have been prepared by them before snowfall. बर्फ पड़ने से पूर्व उनके द्वारा रिपोर्ट बना ली गई होगी ।
यह समय है हरि झंडी देने का । It is time to give the green signal. It is time for the green signal to be given. यह समय है हरि झंडी दी जाये ।
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Commonly used Passive Voice sentences (without subject)

Active Voice Active Voice
इंग्लिश यहाँ पढ़ाई जाती है । English is taught here.
भिखारीयों को खाना दिया गया था । Beggars were given food.
मकान की सफेदी की गई थी । The house was white-washed.
उसकी ईमानदारी की प्रशंसा करनी चाहिये थी । His honesty should be praised.
उसे समय पर सूचित कर दिया गया था । He was informed timely.
उसे पीटा गया था । She was beaten.
पीड़ि़त व्यक्तियों को तुरंत हॉस्पिटल ले जाया गया था । Victims were rushed to hospital.
मेरे ऑफीस का स्थान बदला जाना है । My office is to be shifted.
मीटिंग रद्द की जा रही है । The meeting is being cancelled.
यहाँ क्या किया जाता है । What is done here?
शाम को क्या पकाया जायेगा ? What will be cooked in the evening?
अब क्या किया जा सकता है ? What can be done now?
यह टेबल यहाँ से क्यों हटाई गई थी ? Why was this table removed from here?
क्या बांटा गया है ? What has been distributed?
उसकी कब हत्या की गई थी ? When was he murdered?
इसके बारे में सबको सूचित कर दिया गया था । Everyone had been informed about it.
कर्फ्यू शहर में लगाया गया है । The curfew has been imposed in the city.
पानी आमतौर पर घूँट घूँट पिया जाता है । Water is usually taken a sip by sip.



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